Shutter Speed

Learning about your shutter speed can make or break a photo. One sure way to learn the effects of shutter speed is to shoot on shutter priority once in awhile and get the idea of how pictures look at different shutter speeds.

Our shutter speed control the amount of ambient light that is let into our sensors. With this said and having this one tool in your photography belt you are going to already begin to shoot better pictures. The reason I say this is because you can control the amount of light, the amount of movement and the amount of blur that you put into the picture when you shoot.

The faster you take you shutter speed the less amount of light will hit your sensor. This is simply because as the shutter is moving fast the sensor is expose a short amount of time, leaving in less light. If you slow the shutter down and use a tripod to steady the camera, you will allow the sensor to be exposed longer and allow more light into your sensor.

If you want to stop fast moving action it would make sense that you want to have a fast shutter speed. Keep in mind that as you speed the shutter you begin to effect the light into the camera. I get a lot of questions about dark pictures when shooting at higher shutter speeds. And this is why this happens.

If you want to make something have motion, you would use a slow shutter speed. Remember when we slow the shutter we make that camera very hard to hand hold. This is why you would need a tripod to keep the camera steady. Slow shutter speeds make moving water look like it is flowing.

Using shutter speeds means that you are controlling light. If you remember this you will be able to control your exposure. To learn the effects of shutter speed, again I would say to shoot on “Shutter Priority”.

Most of all to learn how to shoot your camera you need to shoot your camera. If it is in it’s bag until you need it, you will never get the hang of photography.

Slow Shutter

 

Aperture

With the art of taking pictures comes the art of continued learning. We must be able to allow out brains to open up and allow it to see somethings really work in reverse order. We also need to allow our brains to begin to think of light in the forms of Aperture.

Aperture is the main apparatus of allowing a certain amount of light into the camera; then hitting the camera’s sensor.

But as I said we have to understand Aperture in the order of smallest is really largest. And in the reverse of things largest is really the smallest. So let’s dig into the workings of Aperture.

Most DSLR camera kits we get come with a new shinny kit lens with a F Stop or Aperture of 5.6 / 7.0. This lens will only allow a small amount of light to hit the sensor. Also the more you zoom your lens the smaller the aperture is. This means it closes down and allow less light to hit the sensor. This is the reason most people say their indoor pictures are blurry. Really what you are seeing is camera shake.

This brings me to the reason we buy those expensive lenses. You want a lens with at least an F/2.8. You can also pick up a prime or fixed 50mm lens with F/1.8 and a little more money will get you a F/1.4. With these Aperture settings or opening; you allow more light into the camera. This then allows to you use faster shutter speeds. Hence no camera shake and much better low light pictures. If you are shooting outdoors with the bright sunlight, you kit lens should work well. Study the chart below and you will understand that lower numbers of Aperture means a larger opening for light to travel to the sensor.

Aperture